There’s no denying that 21st century is indeed a digital era. And to build an application in this era and that too from the scratch you need a software stack that is both standardized and consistent.
To create a robust backend, you need a set of tools that are designed to reduce the development time and to streamline resources.
However, in the current scenario, there is a of abundance of software stack like LAMP, Ruby on Rails, and many other. This abundance has made the stack field crowded.
That’s why nowadays, many developers are using a combination of technologies to get better and faster results for mobile and web app development.
MEAN stack is the prime example for that kind of a technology. In this article we’ll see what MEAN stack is, why one must learn it, how does it work and what are its advantages.
What is MEAN?
It’s an open-source stack for developers for swift and organized method that builds prototypes of MEAN-based web applications.
This helps in a great deal to make the approach to web & app development more efficient and modern.
Why learn MEAN stack?
The demand of MEAN stack development has increased due to its versatility of building a web & mobile application that is robust, fast, and maintainable.
Another chief reason to learn MEAN Stack is the employment opportunities that it offers.
Now let’s get some perspective by comparing these technologies in terms of their growth over the years.
Web development framework
Node.js and Express.js
The web server and the web development framework the MEAN stack web development has already adopted by big firms such as LinkedIn, SAP. Microsoft, and SAP.
The other web development frameworks competing against these are Rails, Django, and Laravel.
Let’s have a look at the below graph which clearly shows the domination of the MEAN stack web development technologies over the rest.
After framework let’s have a look at the databases.
It’s the database that MEAN stack uses. Apart from that it’s the default database for Meteor.js project.
Cassandra, Neo4j, and Couchbase are another rival database. Let’s see the trends for these databases.
The ‘A’ in MEAN stack stands for Angular.js. React.js, Emberjs, and backbone.js are its rival technologies.
Let’s see the below graph to know growth trends of these technologies.
Architecture of MEAN stack
Let’s see how the MEAN stack architecture works.
After that the request enters the Node.js which is the phase 2. It’s also called as a server-side language.
After the phase 2 the request enters in the phase 3 (ExpressJS) where it makes the request to the database.
Once the request is made by the ExpressJS, the MongoDB retrieves all the data and returns the response to ExpressJS.
Similarly, the ExpressJS returns the response to Nodejs which ultimately returns it to the AngularJS.
What is the contribution of each component to MEAN?
MongoDB is well-known for its scalability in both performance and in storage. It’s also well-known for foolproof management of massive amounts of data.
MongoDB also facilitates you to add fields to the database without reloading the entire table.
Express.js forms the backend of the MEAN stack. It manages the interactions between the database and the front end. It ensures that the data is transferred smoothly to the end-user.
Express.js has a minimalist approach – it has the potential to handle all the processes efficiently. It’s important to note that the minimalistic nature doesn’t mean featureless.
Express.js also prevents you from overwriting variables. With this you cannot accidentally redefine a variable that you have created previously. This helps in saving a great deal of time and money.
Angular JS is an ideal front-end framework due to its easy-to-use templates and well-tuned performance.
Moreover, you can develop app simultaneously for both mobile and desktop.
In MEAN stack the Node.js acts as a backbone. Express.js is developed specifically to work on top of Node.js.
Moreover, Angular JS also connects to Node.js seamlessly to facilitate the fast data serving.
Node.js has an inbuilt web server, which makes it easier for you to deploy the MongoDB database to the cloud.
Node.js’ USP is its scalability. Moreover, it can support million simultaneous connections.
Node.js is more compatible to work with low-resource requests as compared to resource-intensive resources.
Advantages of MEAN stack development technology
MEAN facilitates easy isomorphic coding
MEAN stack makes the transfer of code written in one framework to another easy.
Nowadays, MEAN stack development companies are exploring new technologies to bring out perfection in the development of applications and websites.
After the completion of app development, the developer can easily test the application on a cloud platform.
MEAN stack is highly flexible as you can 1. Develop, 2. Test, and 3. Introduce the application without any hassles.
Moreover, it also allows you to add extra information once you have added a field to the form. MongoDB provides full cluster support along with automatic replication.
In MEAN stack the requirement of total number of developers is less as compared to LAMP stack.
High speed and reusability
MEAN stack development is high in speed and reusable due to the non-blocking architecture of Node.js.
MEAN stack uses libraries and public repositories for development process. The overall development cost is also less when you use this technology.
In addition to that MongoDB uses cloud functionalities in the app thus reducing the disk space cost.
Open source platform
The MEAN stack gets updates frequently as its components are open-source.
Single language development
It includes development from client-side to server-ride. This could well turn out to be a blessing in disguise for the MEAN stack developers who are learning the language from the scratch.
Easy to learn
MEAN stack development is easy to learn for anyone whether they are front end developers or backend developers.
It is easy to understand, grasp, and implement during the development.
Quality user interfaces
MEAN supports MVC (Model view controller) architecture due to which it provides quality user interfaces.
Flexible structure with MongoDB
MongoDB provides you with a flexible JSON document structure which can be used for data representation. It’s suitable for large sized projects.
JSON is used everywhere in MEAN stack. Angular and Node.js both offer JSON. MongoDB which is a database framework also offers to store all the data in JSON format.
Apart from that JSON is also used by the Express JS. In total MEAN uses JSON everywhere that facilitates the smooth data flow without any rewriting and reformatting to the different layers.
MEAN stack technology continues to improve day by day. Most of the leading web and mobile app development companies are extensively using MEAN stack technologies to deliver cutting-edge web and mobile applications.
If you want to develop any application or website with MEAN stack technology then you can contact Peerbits.
Developers at Peerbits are exceptional when it comes to MEAN stack technology and possess years of experience.