In the dynamic world of technology where things change at a rapid pace; many tools and technologies come and go quickly, whereas there are some which stays. And JavaScript programming language is one which is here to stay for a long time.

Millions love JavaScript due to its versatility. It can be deployed both on client as well as the server side that are used for desktop and mobile applications.

However, when it comes to deciding the JavaScript framework, developers often get confused as to which they should select. There are many frameworks to choose from but Angular, Vue, and React are among the most popular ones. If you’re in the same dilemma then this blog is for you in which we’ll compare Angular, React, and Vue based on various factors and will try to provide a definitive guide to choose your suitable JavaScript framework.

Angular vs React vs Vue: History

Angular:

Angular is a JavaScript framework based on typescript which was released by Google in 2010. Angular is the oldest framework among the three as it released before React and Vue. Until 2016, Angular was called AngularJS. But after the release of Angular 2+, the suffix JS was dropped.

Angular 8.0.0 is its latest version which was released on 28th May 2019. Wix and Google are two of the many other companies using Angular.

React

React was released by Facebook in the year 2013 as a tool to combat the issues caused by high traffic gained by Facebook ads. Moreover, it also solved coding and maintenance issues. Nowadays, React is used in high traffic websites. It’s also known to render top-notch support in building interactive user interfaces.

Its latest version – 16.8.6, was released on 6 May 2019. BBC, Glassdoor, WhatsApp, PayPal, and Instagram are few of the popular companies that use React.

Vue

Vue was released in 2014 and unlike Angular and React, no big name developed it. In fact, it was the brainchild of Google’s ex engineer – Evan You. The latest version of Vue – 2.6.10 was released on 20th March 2019.

Since its inception, Vue is constantly gaining popularity among the developers. Vue is the newest member to the JavaScript Framework family. It has played a significant role in offering ease to the software developers by eliminating all the drawbacks of other frameworks.

Websites like Alibaba and GitLab uses Vue.

Angular vs React vs Vue: Popularity

To evaluate the popularity of all the three frameworks, we will take various stats under consideration. The first one is the stack overflow statistics.

Stack overflow statistics

The stack overflow survey points out that React is the most preferred framework followed by the Vue.js.

stack overflow statistic

The popularity of Vue.js has grown tremendously since its launch in 2014. However, a major boost occurred in mid-2016 which has sustained till now. In coming years, Vue is expected to rise even higher.

Google trends

The stats say completely different story if we look at the search trends of Google Trends for the last 12 months.

google trends

In the graph above, you can clearly see that React is most popular when it comes to searches. And Vue.js is way behind Reach and Angular.

Npm trends

The below graph shows the npm trends for the stars and downloads of Angular Vs React Vs Vue.

npm trends

The graph clearly shows that the React is on the top followed by Angular and Vue having a closer margin. However, when you look at the stars, Angular finds itself right at the bottom and Vue finishes on top followed by React.

All these different stats hints at one thing that React is the most popular, downloaded, and loved framework in the year 2019. However, it doesn’t mean that it’s the best. For that we need to consider many other factors.

Angular vs React vs Vue: Performance

To find out which is the best JavaScript framework performance-wise, you can take memory consumption based on DOM manipulation as the key factors to determine the performance. In this test, the benchmark tool measures time consumed for total number of DOM manipulation events completed by using these frameworks. Let’s know more about the DOM manipulations.

DOM manipulations include benchmarking study which is based on studying these framework’s performances on the manipulation of rows of table. Manipulations done on the row mentioned as below:

  • Add 10 rows to the table
  • Add 1000 rows to the table
  • Update every 10th row of the table
  • Select a row from the table
  • Delete a row from the table.

performance

To show the memory evaluation of Angular vs Vue vs React, the study uses Chrome profiler to take snapshots of the JavaScript web pages.

Below two snapshots were taken for the demonstration of the memory usage at the time:

  • When loading of page takes place before any action is performed.
  • After performing the actions – 5 Add 1000, 5 Add 10, and 5 Update actions

Below are the results of the study:

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Angular

Performance

Angular performs well with smaller DOM updates that consumes less than 50ms. Moreover, it seems to perform better than Vue and React when it comes to adding of 10 metrics. However, it shows comparable performance with Vue and React when it comes to the task of updating every 10th row along with selecting a new row from the table.

Memory consumption

As shown in the figure, when the webpage is loaded, the Angular’s initial memory footprint is 8.7 MB. However, once it performs the DOM manipulation operations, the footprints jump to 15.4.

React

Performance

The above figure shows that React’s virtual DOM performs well when the DOM updates gets bigger and there’s more data which needs to be updated. This aptly showcases the performance issues in React. Although React performs at its best at both Add 1000 metrics and Delete.

Memory consumption

Memory footprint of React follows a similar path to that of Angular. It reads 8.3 MB of memory consumption at the initial stage and 15.1 MB after the completion of the DOM operations.

Vue

Performance

Coming to the Vue’s performance, they are as good as that of React in cases like Update, select metrics, and Add 10. The only difference is that Vue struggles to match up React when it comes to Add 1000 metrics. This difference in performance is due to the increase in the number of DOM manipulations.

Memory consumption

Talking about Vue, its memory footprint at the initial state marks at 7.6. This reading is way better than that of React and Angular. However, once the DOM manipulations operations are completed, the value skyrockets to 16.1, which is way more than that of React and Angular.

Angular vs React vs Vue: Top Use Cases

All the top-notch companies use JavaScript for the development of their product. All the top software development services are heavily utilizing these three best JavaScript frameworks. Companies like Facebook and Google also use these frameworks and libraries.

Let’s list down some of the big names using Angular vs React vs Vue:

Angular

Angular was developed by Google and now it utilizes Angular in Google AdWords applications.

The Guardian – A leading publishing sector firm

Weather.com – Leading website for weather forecast

React

Facebook developed React for maintenance and coding its ad campaigns.

Twitter – A global micro-blogging site

WhatsApp – The most popular messaging app

Instagram – A photo-sharing social media platform

Vue

9Gag – Social networking site for sharing trending videos, memes, and vines

GitLab – A repository manager that enables a team to duplicate or develop code.

Angular vs React vs Vue: Community Support

After knowing about the history and trends of each framework. Let’s assess the development of each framework by having a look at their community.

Angular

Being introduced and utilized by Google for AdWords application adds to the authenticity of Angular and thus it provides a robust community support since its inception. Angular gets its updates and releases quite regularly. It gets a major update every six month.

React

As mentioned earlier, React was developed by Facebook to support its ad campaigns. There’s still a dedicated team of engineers at Facebook which is working its improvement. Facebook has heavily invested in React since they have coded many of their product to React. This is one of the major reasons why React’s reliability is rapidly growing among the developers.

Vue

Unlike Angular and React, Vue is not a product of any top-notch corporate. You might think that this might have caused a huge setback to its popularity. However, it’s completely the opposite in reality. This JavaScript framework has earned tremendous popularity due to its open source community.

Let’s have a glimpse at the Angular vs React vs Vue stats on their GitHub repositories.

javascript framework comparison 2

The huge number of watchers, stars, and forks is the testimony of Vue’s popularity among the developers as compared to that of Angular and React. However, the number of contributors and commits considerably drops against that of Angular and React.

One possible explanation to this is the fact that Vue is totally open source community; whereas, Angular and React already have a massive share of Google and Facebook employees contributing to its repositories respectively.

Angular vs React vs Vue: Framework size

Talking about the size, Vue is lightest among the three. On the other hand, Angular is suitable for heavy-weight application. Vue and React are most suited for the light-weighted applications.

Angular

Angular offers many things from templates to testing utilities to its developers. Thus, it requires more space which eventually makes it big in size and unsuitable for light-weight applications.

React

React is suitable for light-weight applications as it doesn’t have much to offer like Angular. React is a quite different from Angular and thus requires support from other libraries for routing and other tasks.

Vue

Vue is smallest among all three frameworks. That’s why it’s extremely suitable for lightweight application development. In case, you need a library that smaller than Vue, then you can go for Preact.

The sizes of the library are mentioned below:

Angular: – 500+ KB

React: – 100 KB

Vue: – 80 KB

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Angular vs React vs Vue: Learning curve

Learning curve can be simply defined as the ability of users to write codes in particular programming language. Now let’s compare learning curves of each framework.

Vue.js: The easiest learning curve

Vue.js has the easiest learning curve among the three. It’s because it’s closest to the JavaScript basics and HTML. The initial stages of getting started with Vue.js are as simple as adding an import to the HTML. However, it does get complicated as you build more and more complex apps. For this, you need to work with. vue files which requires a complex project setup.

Angular: The steepest learning curve

Angular has the steepest learning curve since it uses TypeScript which is a subset of JavaScript. However, the syntax, components, and modules used in it can look quite different from what you’re used to. Angular consists of powerful features which makes developers to use certain coding pattern that helps them in building applications.

React.js: medium learning curve

The learning curve of React.js comes in between that of Angular and Vue, that is, it has a medium to steep learning curve. It does have an “everything is JavaScript” approach. However, it comes with two important elements which makes it learning curve steeper. The first that it works best with the ES6 syntax, which is arguably a challenging thing for a beginner developer.

Second, is that it uses JSX syntax, which is a hybrid of JavaScript and HTML. Using JSX can be difficult and confusing since it looks like HTML but is still JavaScript.

Angular vs React vs Vue: Scalability

Scalability here means the ability of the solution to deal with a huge number of requests at a time. It’s important to note the behavior at the sudden peak of loads.

Angular

Angular comes with the concept of feature modules. This allows the developers in organizing related components with their dependencies (product module with a product card, product search page, product services, etc.). You can store a module in a separate repository. You can also reference it from your main application.

React

React can simply be referred as the library which is used for creating reusable components on a page. However, you would require to gather a bunch of many other libraries that can bring it all together.

Talking about scalability, it all comes down to the fact that how well the code is organized. Other factors like the amount of technical debt and the architecture of the solution also plays a significant part.

Vue

As discussed earlier, Vue is a lightweight JavaScript library, so it’s only suitable for smaller applications. It’s not suitable for building scalable applications.

Conclusion

I am sure that the above comparison would be provided you with several insights. For example, in case you want to go for a large application then you can go for stable platform like Angular (provided that you’re comfortable with TypeScript). Otherwise, you can also use React since it’s suitable for large teams.

In case, you’re looking to experiment with something fresh and promising then Vue.js is the best pick for you.

I hope the above comparison of Angular Vs React Vs Vue might have provided you with a clear path to choose the best framework for JavaScript for your next software development project.

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