Node JS ,

Nodejs Vs. Go – Settling the debate once and for all!

  • February 07, 2022

Today, web developers have a wide range of options available when it comes to choosing a programming language for web development.

nodejs vs golang development

These programming languages or frameworks are not just viable for frontend development, but backend development as well.

Now, in most of the web applications, there is usually more non-UI code than the code which is directly related to end-user interaction.

For instance, data needs to be stored and retrieved, logic has to be in place, and output to be calculated.

This is what backend development is all about. Simply put, it is about writing code to create APIs, cross-platform applications, libraries, and working with components that don’t have user interfaces.

You might already be aware that Node JS. But, Node JS is not the only backend development programming language in the market.

Google’s Go language also seems to be dominating the backend framework programming language market. Furthermore, both Golang and Nodejs can be paired with React Native.

In this article, we’re going to compare Node JS Vs Golang. But before we start our comparison, let’s get the basics right first.

nodejs vs golang development cta1

What is Node js?

Node js was first created in 2009 and in just 2 years, the first version was released for sharing open-source libraries.

Node js is an open-source JavaScript framework which can run on different platforms including Windows, Linux, and Mac. It has two primary types: clustered NodeJS and Non clustered NodeJS.

It is built on Google Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine and provides a rich set of libraries that simplify web application development.

Node js was first developed as a platform to execute JavaScript code.

Today, however, Node js enables creating code for both frontend as well as backend development and server-side development of web apps, making it a revolutionary web app programming language.

Achievements of Node JS so far…

  • In 2017 & 2018 Node JS secured first place as the most commonly used in Frameworks, Tools, and Library category in TechOverFlow survey.
  • Netflix adopted Node JS and observed 70% reduction in startup time.
  • According to W3Techs, Node.js is used by approximately 1.5% in the web server of almost every well known website.

achievements of node js so far

What is Go language?

Go language is a statically-typed language of Google created by Rob Pike, Robert Griesemer and Ken Thompson. It was created out of the need, just like many of the innovative ready-made solutions in the IT world. Currently, Golang 1.14 is the latest version of this language.

In simple language, the development team at Google were unhappy with existing solutions. So, they created a language that would combine the advantages of other languages to achieve better performance.

Go language or Golang is also an open-source programming language with its core structure built on principles of C for safety and Python for speed.

Go language involves limited garbage collection, structural typing, and memory safety features, additional key features, resulting into avoiding a lot features of modern programming languages.

Because of this, Go language makes the process of writing code much more efficient and much easier.

Achievements of Go Language so far…

  • According to Stack Overflow Survey 2020, Golang has secured 5th rank as the most loved programming language.
  • Goroutines have a faster startup time than threads. This gives Go the power to keep the source code neat and clean.
  • As per Dice, Upwork statistics shows an hourly rate of around $44.

achievements of go language so far

Golang Vs Node: What Makes Them Powerful?

Today, Go is one of the top-most popular languages that is widely used for programming. It enables top-of-the-line productivity and multi-core power usage. On the contrary, Node comes with a complete runtime environment equipped with all necessary development tools.

Which Companies Are Using Them?

To succeed in the rapidly changing business environment, companies are adopting up-to-date technologies to achieve the best quality and super-fast performance. Now it is the time to find out which are the popular brands that opt to go for developing backend solutions after comparing Node.Js Vs Golang :

Go

  • LinkedIn
  • Netflix
  • eBay
  • Trello
  • PayPal

Node.js

  • Uber
  • BBC
  • Google
  • Medium
  • Intel

After looking at the applications of Nodejs, let us move forward to the benchmark comparison of Golang vs NodeJS.

Nodejs Vs. Go – time to settle the debate

The Go language may appear as the perfect solution for web app development due to its feature easiness, compilation, and the fact that it is becoming increasingly popular among web developers.

But, on the other hand, Node js is not losing its ground as well.

So, there is only one way to settle the debate of NodeJS vs Golang- take a closer look at the characteristics of Go and Node JS.

Simplicity & learning curve

JavaScript is, without any doubt, one of the most widely-used programming language across the globe. Basically, it as an asynchronous programming language and contain callback function as well.

And if a developer is not familiar with JavaScript, becoming an expert at Node js development is easy.

In fact, there are thousands of Node js courses available on the Internet that contains a structured learning process of which many are supported by a huge JavaScript developer community.

This makes learning Node js much easier and simpler than the Go language.

In Go language, full-stack developers are required to learn everything about a full-stack framework like its specific processes, concepts, rules, pointers, strict typing, interfaces, coroutines, database connections and a bunch of other stuff.

That means, if you hire a Golang application developer for your web app project, you or someone from your team also must be familiar with Golang.

Plus, Golang is for backend development only, so you’ll probably need to hire frontend developers separately.

Scalability

The Go language was created keeping scalability in mind. In fact, due to the function goroutines, which can be executed with one another concurrently, Go language is perfectly suited for scalability.

nodejs-vs-golang-development-scalability

In simpler terms, Goroutines basically allows reliable and easy execution of threads which can be performed parallely in smooth manner.

On the other hand, web application development using Node JS works bit differently.

To tell the truth, it is less elegant as the concurrent programming in JavaScript is usually done using an event callbacks, which makes concurrency inefficient.

As a result, the system gets messy very quickly. In addition, Node Js is single threaded, making instruction execution to be performed in sequence.

That means, the concurrency support in Node JS is as not agile as it should be.

Error handling

Error handling in Go language has a uniquely different approach. Golang demands explicit error checking with the lines of code that are written.

But, on the positive side, it does also ensure better consistency and flawless result.

In Node JS, error handling can be inconsistent at times. But, it offers better and clear error handling than Golang with common throw-catch handling technique.

And the best part is that a lot of web developers are already familiar with this technique.

Availability of Developers

Go is comparatively a new and prospering language. In addition to this, Go is also touted as one of the most difficult application frameworks. However, Go has a brighter scope in the future as it is growing tremendously.

As NodeJS is a heavily used programming language, it is much easier to find developers that possess Node.js expertise. Because of which, it becomes easy to build a team of professionals for multiple development tasks.

Development Tools

Node.Js offers numerous development tools and languages, which is a prime reason to choose it. Along with this, it is an event-based framework that contains a microservice architecture. Furthermore, Node Package Manager or NPM is a standard library that contains around 8,00,000 building blocks that can be installed easily and can have hassle-free operations.

On the contrary, Go Lang contains lesser tools as compared to Node.Js. Actually, Go has a standardised full-fledged library with features that can easily operate without any third-party support. Go lang contains many advanced and innovative tools such as Go run, Gofmit, Godoc, and GoMetaLiner.

Performance

Performance can heavily affect an application’s average response time and CPU load times, which is directly proportional to customer satisfaction. If we talk from the benchmark task performance perspective, then both NodeJS and Go are some of the best application development technologies to work with the heavy load. However, they are different in some key performance areas, let us see how:

Raw Performance

Go has an upper hand in the case of raw performance. Go can work without an interpreter and is compiled right into machine code. It gives Go the same level of performance as low-level languages.

Both Go and Node.js feature a garbage collector, which prevents memory leak and ensures stability with memory footprint. In this way, Node.js is extremely helpful with memory management as it works as an efficient garbage collector.

Real-life performance

Node.js marginally trails Go in real-life performance. A much-improved single-threaded Node.js is a much improved and single threaded thing that boosts efficiency. Apart from this, the V8 Javascript engine ensures that the application will deliver a real-time performance without any interpreter.

However, if database server interaction or network applications is involved, the performance of Golang Vs Node.Js is often equal.

Read More: Development practices our NodeJS developers

Ecosystem

JavaScript is out in the world for over a decade, which means you can easily find all sorts of tools for Node JS development.

In fact, the JavaScript community has created numerous libraries and tutorials and has been contributing the same for years.

Golang, on the other hand, is a much younger and less popular technology compared to Node JS yet. Besides this, Golang also supports cross-platform runtime environment for the smoother operating of cross-platform applications.

That means, web development even with using a Golang Development company will require a lot of manual configuration.

While Golang definitely has nice packages and libraries to use, but truth be told Golang will take time in catching up with Node JS.

On the other hand, finding Node JS development company is easier to find compared to Go developers (In fact, India is one of the most qualified countries for finding custom web app development company.

Community

As mentioned in the beginning, both Golang and Node JS are open-source and they have their own communities fully engaged in improving these programming languages.

When it comes to Node JS, its community is large and vibrant. The entire Node JS foundation is, in fact, aiming to enable widespread Node JS adoption.

In fact, Intel, IBM, Paypal, Microsoft, and Godaddy are active members of the Node JS foundation.

Each year, they come together as a huge community and organize Node+ JS Interactive, an event every year during which they announce all changes and improvements.

Today, Node JS has reached 82.1k stars on GitHub.

The Golang community, on the other hand, is young and smaller. But it is increasingly growing every year.

Google, in fact, hosts a GopherCon event annually to gather Go developers from all around the world to discuss and explore new opportunities and changes.

According to a Golang Survey, 59 percent of participants (up from 55 percent) wanted to contribute to the Golang community.

Conclusion

It seems that both Node JS and Golang are growing. But, according to StackOverFlow, JavaScript is the most popular programming language.

However, Golang is ranked among the top 5 most loved programming languages, leaving JavaScript behind.

All these clearly concludes that there is no perfect language when it comes to web development. It all depends on the type of web application you want to build.

So, if you’re confused, it’s recommended to hire custom web development company as they know better what languages and robust tools to use for any given project.

nodejs vs golang development cta2

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Ubaid Pisuwala

Co-founder of Peerbits and Entrepreneurship, Formulation of Business Strategies, Creation and Management of high-performance teams, Management of key corporate relationships.

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